What is Coronavirus

April 29, 2020 by No Comments

What is Coronavirus

Coronavirus is a fat-protected (lipid) membrane RNA virus. Thanks to this structure it can be prevented by the use of chemical agents such as ordinary soap, alcohol min. 60-70%, disinfectants and other virucidal preparations.

Coronaviruses are RNA-viruses that are responsible for about 10-20 percent of colds and for respiratory disease outbreaks that occur every four years or so. Coronaviruses mainly attack mammals and birds. Their genome is made of RNA. Their name comes from the shell resembling a crown, which is visible around the virions in an electron microscope.

Coronaviruses are microbes that cause various types of gastrointestinal and respiratory infections in both humans and animals. The first information about coranoviruses appeared in the 1960s, when the pathogen HCoV-229E and HCoV-OC43 were discovered, which cause a cold of mild nature, self-limiting after a few days. The deadly version of the virus only appeared in China in 2002. This strain causes severe respiratory failure, known as SARS over time. According to WHO data, the SARS epidemic in 2002-2003 caused the death of 916 people. Coronaviruses are RNA viruses. This means that their genome is made up of RNA. Their name comes from the shell resembling a crown, which is visible around the virions in an electron microscope.